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先清时期国号新考
作者:  来源:  发布时间:2014年12月02日 20:32  浏览次数:

先清时期国号新考 

                                                                     

卢正恒 黄一农

摘要:对努尔哈赤称汗迄皇太极称帝前,此政权国号究竟是“金”、“后金”或二者皆曾使用,学界至今仍缺乏共识。得益于近年来大量先清时期资料的刊行甚至数字化,通过首次毯式地搜找相关满、汉文史料与文物,确认并无任何“后金”曾作为国号之坚实证据,且从查得的百余例官方用法,可知先清时期的国号应始终为“金”,“天命”也并非年号。

 

 

A New Textual Research of the Title of Qing, 1616~1636

                          

Lu Zhenghuan, Huang Yinong

Abstract: As to the title of Qing from Nurhachi became Khan in 1616 to Huangtaiji proclaimed himself as emperor in 1636 is “aisin”, “amaga aisin”, or both of two was used, there is still a lack of consensus among the academia. Thanks to the publication and digitization of the great mass of materials on this period in recent years, and through blanket search of relevant materials and artifacts in Chinese and Manchu, we can be sure that there is no sound evidence that “amaga aisin” was once title of the regime. And from hundreds of official usages, we can know that “aisin” should be the title throughout this period, and Tianming was not the title either.

 


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